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 Practical Life

Spooning
P1. Spooning
Description
Practice spooning
Purpose
Develop concentration, motor skills, eye-hand coordination
Buy/DIY materials
DIY (bowls, spoon, beans)

Clothespin Clamping
P2. Clothespin Clamping
Description
Clamp clothespin on bowl lip
Purpose
Develop coordination, concentration, motor skills, eye-hand coordination
Buy/DIY materials
DIY (bowl, clothespin)

Nuts & Bolts
P3. Nuts & Bolts
Description
Match shapes/colors/sizes of nuts & bolts and practice screwing & unscrewing
Purpose
Develop motor skills
Buy/DIY materials
Buy nuts & bolts & balsa wood to fix some bolts to wood board

Bead Stringing
P4. Bead Stringing
Description
Practice stringing beads (by colors, in patterns...etc)
Purpose
Develop concentration, motor skills, eye-hand coordination & sorting skills
Buy/DIY materials
DIY (beads with different shapes & color and strings)

Clamping
P5. Clamping
Description
Clamp & sort cubes of different colors into each palette slots
Purpose
Develop concentration, motor skills, eye-hand coordination & sorting skills
Buy/DIY materials
DIY (paint palette, cubes, clamp)

Pouring (back & forth)
P6. Pouring (back & forth)***
Description
Pour water back & forth
Purpose
Develop motor skills, concentration,
eye-hand coordination
Buy/DIY materials
DIY (2 measuring cups, sponge
to clean-up spills)

Pouring
P7. Pouring***
Description
Practice pouring water to 2 glasses (know when to stop when a glass is full)
Purpose
Develop motor skills, concentration,
eye-hand coordination
Buy/DIY materials
DIY (1 measuring cup containing just more than 2 glasses of water, 2 glasses, sponge to clean-up spills)

Using a dropper
P8. Using a dropper***
Description
Transfer water back & forth with dropper (draw water in & expel)
Purpose
Develop motor skills, concentration, eye-hand coordination
Buy/DIY materials
DIY (dropper, bottles, sponge to clean-up spills)

Spooning floating objects
P9. Spooning floating objects***
Description
Practice spooning with floating objects (fill a bowl with water)
Purpose
Develop motor skills, concentration, eye-hand coordination
Buy/DIY materials
DIY (2 bowls, ping-pong balls, draining spoon & sponge to clean-up spills)

Pouring with funnel
P10. Pouring with funnel***
Description
Practice pouring with funnel
Purpose
Develop motor skills, concentration, eye-hand coordination
Buy/DIY materials
DIY (bottle with narrow opening, pitcher, funnel, sponge to clean-up spills)

*** Ask child to get water from water source & drain out water into sink before & after activities with water. Buy a large tray and perform all activiries with water on tray.

Pouring pasta
P11. Pouring pasta
Description
Practice pouring
Purpose
Develop motor skills, concentration, eye-hand coordination
Buy/DIY materials
DIY (small measuring cups, pasta/rice)

Dressing frames Dressing frames display
P12. Dressing Frames
Description
Do & un-do buttons, snaps, buckles, shoe lacing, zipper, tieing
Purpose
To teach self-reliance, self-control & coordination of movements
Buy/DIY materials
Buy (can be DIY similar using old clothes)

Puzzle (shapes)
P13. Puzzle (Shapes)
Description
Recognition of different shapes
Purpose
Develop hand-eye coordination and dexterity. Recognition of different shapes
Buy/DIY materials
Buy

Puzzle (part whole shapes)
P14. Puzzle (Part Whole Shapes)
Description
Recognition of different shapes
Purpose
Develop hand-eye coordination and dexterity. Recognition of different shapes
Buy/DIY materials
Buy
Brand:Plantoys

Puzzles
P15. Puzzles
Description
Recognition of different shapes & objects
Purpose
Develop hand-eye coordination and dexterity. Recognition of different shapes & objects
Buy/DIY materials
Buy (from $2 shops)

Puzzle Puzzle
Puzzle Puzzle
Puzzle Puzzle

Sorting Box
P16. Sorting Box
Description
Recognition of different objects
Purpose
Recognition of different objects & develop hand-eye coordination
Buy/DIY materials
Buy
Brand: Child Friend Wood Toy or Child Friend Wood Toys

Bottles & Tops
P17. Bottles & Tops
Description
Match tops to bottles & practice screwing/un-screwing
Purpose
Develop eye-hand coordination, motor & sorting skills
Buy/DIY materials
DIY

Folding a napkin
P18. Folding a napkin
Description
Practice napkin folding & introduction to shapes created when folding
Purpose
Develop muscular control of fingers
Buy/DIY materials
DIY (towel/napkin)

Musical instruments
P19. Musical Instrument
Description
Play with musical instrument to make sounds
Purpose
Introduce musical instruments. Explore sound making with movements. Develop muscular control of hands & fingers
Buy/DIY materials
Buy (any simple musical instruments)

Shapes punching
P20. Shapes Punching
Description
Introduce shape & objects (can stick objects/shapes to make other artwork)
Purpose
Develop motor skills, learn about differnt objects/shapes
Buy/DIY materials
Buy shapes punchers

Glitter glue craft
P21. Glitter glue craft
Description
Allow freedom to create craft
Purpose
To develop creativity
Buy/DIY materials
DIY (glitter glue, palette & paper)

Sponge painting
P22. Sponge painting
Description
Present color circles with name to child
Purpose
To associate the name with the color it represents
Buy/DIY materials
DIY (cardboard & labels)

Painting & Coloring
P23. Painting & Coloring
Description
Allow freedom to paint & color
Purpose
Develop self-expression & creativity
Buy/DIY materials
Buy crayons/color pencils/large piece of butcher paper

Painting & chalkboard with easel
P24. Painting & Chalkboard
Description
Painting & chalkboard with easel
Purpose
Develop creativity
Buy/DIY materials
Buy (poster paint, brush, easels)

Cutting
P25. Cutting
Description
Cutting practice
Purpose
Develop motor skills, eye-hand co-ordination
Buy/DIY materials
Buy (blunt-end pair of scissors) & trim strips of waste paper for cutting

Play-doh
P26. Play-doh
Description
Roll-out & cut objects
Purpose
Develop self-expression, creativity and motor skills
Buy/DIY materials
Buy play-doh

Plastic Pipe Fitting
P27. Plastic Pipe Fitting
Description
Match pipes & practice screw and unscrew.
Purpose
Develop eye-hand coordination, motor & sorting skills.
Buy/DIY materials
DIY (plastic pipe)

Transferring using Chopsticks
P28. Transferring using Chopsticks
Description
Transfer sponge pieces between bowls.
Purpose
Develop eye-hand coordination & motor skills.
Buy/DIY materials
DIY (bowls, pair of chopsticks, sponge pieces)

Setting Table (Chinese)
P29. Setting Table (Chinese)
Description
Setting Table (Chinese)
Purpose
To develop control of movement & coordination.
To teach appreciation of manners & social amenities.
Buy/DIY materials
DIY (place mats, spoons, chopsticks, bowls, napkins)

Setting Table (Western)
P30. Setting Table (Western)
Description
Setting table (Western).
Purpose
To develop control of movement & coordination.
To teach appreciation of manners & social amenities.
Buy/DIY materials
DIY (place mats, spoons, knives, forks, bowls, plates, napkins)

Cutlery Sorting
P31. Cutlery Sorting
Description
Sort Cutlery.
Purpose
Develop motor skills, eye-hand coordination & sorting skills
Buy/DIY materials
DIY (spoons, knives, forks, chopsticks, cutlery tray)

Sorting & folding socks
P32. Sorting & folding socks
Description
Sort socks & fold.
Purpose
Develop motor skills, eye-hand coordination & sorting skills
Buy/DIY materials
DIY (old socks with distinguishing colors)

Stringing Board
P33. Stringing Board
Description
Stringing board with different patterns.
Purpose
Develop concentration, motor skills, eye-hand coordination
Buy/DIY materials
Buy or DIY (board with tiny holes & strings)

Spooning (Large spoon)
P34. Spooning (Large spoon)
Description
Practice spooning with large spoon
Purpose
Develop concentration, motor skills, eye-hand coordination
Buy/DIY materials
DIY (bowls, large spoon, larger beans/pasta/nails, ..., etc)

Spooning (Small spoon)
P35. Spooning (Small spoon)
Description
Practice spooning with small spoon
Purpose
Develop concentration, motor skills, eye-hand coordination
Buy/DIY materials
DIY (bowls, small spoon, smaller beans/rice, ..., etc)

Stringing straw pieces
P36. Stringing straw pieces
Description
Stringing straw pieces (by colors, in patterns...etc)
Purpose
Develop concentration, motor skills, eye-hand coordination & sorting skills
Buy/DIY materials
DIY (string and straws cut into pieces)

Twisted Forms
P37. Puzzles - Twisted forms
Description
Recognition of different shapes & objects. Shapes could be twisted to form another shape and fitted on board, just need to turn over the board.
Purpose
Develop hand-eye coordination and dexterity. Recognition of different shapes & objects
Buy/DIY materials
Buy. Another Plantoys

Hammering
P38. Hammering
Description
Hammering wooden shapes with nails.
Purpose
Develop concentration, motor skills, eye-hand coordination.
Buy/DIY materials
Buy

Glass beads on bath mat
P39. Glass beads
Description
Clamp glass beads to upside-down bath mats.
Purpose
Develop concentration, motor skills, eye-hand coordination & sorting skills
Buy/DIY materials
DIY (glass beads & cut bath mat mounted on balsa wood)

Opening padlocks
P40. Opening padlocks
Description
Opening & locking padlocks.
Purpose
Develop concentration, motor skills, eye-hand coordination
Buy/DIY materials
DIY (padlocks with keys)

Sticks
P41. Sticks through hole
Description
Putting sticks through the tiny hole of the container.
Purpose
Develop concentration, motor skills, eye-hand coordination
Buy/DIY materials
DIY (sticks & container with tiny hole)

Coins thru slot
P42. Coins through slot
Description
Putting coins through container slot.
Purpose
Develop concentration, motor skills, eye-hand coordination.
Buy/DIY materials
DIY (coins & container with slot)

Sorting glass beads
P43. Sorting glass beads
Description
Clamp glass beads & sort into tray.
Purpose
Develop concentration, motor skills, eye-hand coordination & sorting skills
Buy/DIY materials
DIY (trays & glass beads & clamp)

Stringing straw pieces
P44. Sorting shapes
Description
Sorting button shapes into tray.
Purpose
Develop concentration, motor skills, eye-hand coordination & sorting skills
Buy/DIY materials
DIY & buy (tray & buttons with different shapes)

Lacing animals
P45. Lacing animals
Description
Lace through holes in animal shapes
Purpose
Develop concentration, motor skills, eye-hand coordination.
Preparation for threading with real needles.
Buy/DIY materials
Buy (lace & lacing animals)

Pouring with funnel
P46. Pouring with funnel***
Description
Practice pouring with funnel.
Purpose
Develop motor skills, concentration, eye-hand coordination.
Buy/DIY materials
DIY (funnel, bottles with narrow opening & sponge for cleaning up spills)

Pouring with funnel
P47. Sound bottles
Description
Practice pouring with funnel.
Purpose
Develop motor skills, concentration, eye-hand coordination.
Buy/DIY materials
DIY (funnel, bottles with narrow opening & sponge for cleaning up spills)

block
P48. Block
Description
Have to figure out the right order to put the blocks in. Not Montessori but a good activity with control of error.
Purpose
Develop motor skills, concentration, eye-hand coordination & problem solving skills
Buy/DIY materials
Buy

using a whisk
P49.Using a whisk
Description
Use a pitcher to get some water (can add some soap to have more fun)
Purpose
Develop motor skills, concentration, eye-hand coordination.
Buy/DIY materials
Buy a whisk, big bowl, pitcher & sponge/towel for spills. Optional: small squeeze bottle of soap

transfer pom-poms using chopsticks
P50.Transferring with chopsticks (pom-poms)
Description
Transfer pom-poms from one bowl to another.
Purpose
Develop motor skills, concentration, eye-hand coordination.
Buy/DIY materials
Buy 2 bowls, pair of chopsticks & some pom-poms.

Torch assembling with batteries installed
P51.Torch assembling with batteries installed 
Description
Install batteries, assemble the torch & test afterwards.
Purpose
Develop motor skills, concentration, eye-hand coordination.
Buy/DIY materials
Buy torch with batteries

using an eggbeater
P52.Using a eggbeater 
Description
Use a pitcher to get some water (can add some soap to have more fun)
Purpose
Develop motor skills, concentration, eye-hand coordination.
Buy/DIY materials
Buy eggbeater, big bowl/basin, pitcher & sponge/towel for spills. Optional: small squeeze bottle of soap

using a sieve
P53.Using a sieve 
Description
Put some sand & beans into the sieve with a spoon. Brush until all sand goes on the tray underneath (i.e. sand & beans are separated). Use funnel to pour back sand to bottle when finished.
Purpose
Develop motor skills, concentration, eye-hand coordination.
Buy/DIY materials
Bottle of sand & beans, brush, sieve & tray

color mixing with dropper
P54.Color mixing with dropper
Description
Use a dropper to mix red & blue to get purple, blue & yellow to get green and yellow & red to get orange.
Purpose
Develop motor skills, concentration, eye-hand coordination. Learn primary & secondary colors.
Buy/DIY materials
Food colorings, baby food bottles & droppers

Nuts & bolts board
P55.Nuts & Bolts board 
Description
Practise screwing & un-screwing with & without spanner.
Purpose
Develop motor skills, concentration, eye-hand coordination.
Buy/DIY materials
DIY. MDF boards, nuts & bolts & spanner.

Screws board
P56.Screws board
Description
Practise screwing & un-screwing with screwdrivers.
Purpose
Develop motor skills, concentration, eye-hand coordination.
Buy/DIY materials
DIY. MDF boards, screws & screwdrivers.

Braiding board
P57. Braiding board
Description
Practise braiding.
Purpose
Develop motor skills, concentration, eye-hand coordination.
Buy/DIY materials
DIY. MDF board drilled with a hole enough to put 3 pieces of ropes through.

Finger Nailing
P58. Finger Nailing 
Description
Practise finger nailing.
Purpose
Develop motor skills, concentration, eye-hand coordination.
Buy/DIY materials
DIY. Draw hands, laminate & cut out, use wastes from laminating pouch as nails cut into shape & hot glue to 'hand'.

Pouring with funnel
P59. Pouring with funnel 
Description
Pouring through funnel to narrow necked glass containers.
Purpose
Develop motor skills, concentration, eye-hand coordination.
Buy/DIY materials
DIY. Buy funnel, glass containers & sponge for spills.

Scooping
P60. Scooping
Description
Practise scooping.
Purpose
Develop motor skills, concentration, eye-hand coordination.
Buy/DIY materials
DIY.

Using a baster
P61. Using a baster 
Description
Practise using a baster.
Purpose
Develop motor skills, concentration, eye-hand coordination.
Buy/DIY materials
DIY.

Using Pestle and Mortars
P62. Using Pestle and Mortars  
Description
Practise using Pestle and Mortars.
Purpose
Develop motor skills, concentration, eye-hand coordination.
Buy/DIY materials
DIY.

Latches board
P63. Latches board
Description
Practise opening & closing different latches.
Purpose
Develop motor skills, concentration, eye-hand coordination.
Buy/DIY materials
Buy from Gummylump

Feeding animals
P64. Feeding animals
Description
Practise feeding beans to animals with fingers.
Purpose
Develop motor skills, concentration, eye-hand coordination.
Buy/DIY materials
Buy animals.

Transferring set
P65. Transferring Set 1
Description
Practise transfer using a tweezer.
Purpose
Develop motor skills, concentration, eye-hand coordination.
Buy/DIY materials
Buy mat, beads.

Transferring Set 2
P66. Transferring Set 2
Description
Practise transfer using a tweezer.
Purpose
Develop motor skills, concentration, eye-hand coordination.
Buy/DIY materials
Buy mat, beads.

Transferring Set 3
P67. Transferring Set 3
Description
Practise transfer using a tweezer.
Purpose
Develop motor skills, concentration, eye-hand coordination.
Buy/DIY materials
Buy mat, beads.

Sorting Set
P68. Sorting Set 
Description
Practise transfer & sorting using a tweezer.
Purpose
Develop motor skills, concentration, eye-hand coordination.
Buy/DIY materials
Buy beads, tweezer.

Sticking
P69. Sticking
Description
Practise sticking on notebook.
Purpose
Develop motor skills, concentration, eye-hand coordination.
Buy/DIY materials
Buy stickers.

Pouring
P70. Pouring
Description
Practise pouring.
Purpose
Develop motor skills, concentration, eye-hand coordination.
Buy/DIY materials
Buy jars.

Draining
P71. Draining
Description
Mix beads with water, practise pouring through drainer so that beads are separated from water.
Purpose
Develop motor skills, concentration, eye-hand coordination.
Buy/DIY materials
Buy drainer, beads.

Using chopsticks
P72. Using Chopsticks
Description
Transfer and sort beads from container to palette.
Purpose
Develop motor skills, concentration, eye-hand coordination.
Buy/DIY materials
Buy beads, chopsticks & palette.

Clothesline
P73. Hanging up laundry
Description
Clothesline at child level for hanging up her own clothes.
Purpose
Buy/DIY materials
Buy clothesline.

Sponge transfer
P74. Sponge transfer  
Description
Transfer ("coloured") water between bowls
Purpose
Buy/DIY materials
Prepare bowls and sponge

Transfer using a tweezer
P75. Transfer using a tweezer
Description
Transfer floating foam shapes out of water using a tweezer
Purpose
Buy/DIY materials
Prepare bowls, foam shapes, tweezer, container for foam shapes and sponge.

Transfer using a ladle
P76. Transfer using a ladle
Description
Transfer using a ladle
Purpose
Buy/DIY materials
Prepare bowls, ladle and sponge.

Crumbing a tray
P77. Crumbing a tray
Description
Dump rubbish on tray then brush into the rectangle before collecting into the dustpan with broom.
Purpose
Buy/DIY materials
Tray with a masking-taped rectangle in the middle, small dustpan and broom and rubbish with container.

Mirror polishing
P78. Mirror polishing
Description
Spray cleaning agent on mirror and clean mirror with cotton ball, then dry with drying cloth
Purpose
Buy/DIY materials
Mirror, cotton balls with container, drying cloth with container, bottle of cleaning agent (few drops of vineger with water) and sponge.

Walking the line
P79. Walking the line
Description
Walk along the line
Purpose
Buy/DIY materials
Outline a loop with tape.

cutting play fruits and vegetables
P80. Cutting play fruits and vegetables
Description
Cut fruits and vegetables
Purpose
Buy/DIY materials
Buy play fruits and vegetables.

stringing
P81. Stringing boards
Description
String boards
Purpose
Buy/DIY materials
Buy

stringing
P82. Ironing name tape on clothing
Description
Iron labels on clothing.
Purpose
Buy/DIY materials
Buy iron-on labels, travelling iron.

Other Practical Activities
Activities Description Purpose DIY/Buy
PO1. Cutting banana/sandwich Cut banana/sandwich or any soft food with a real knife   DIY
PO2. Peeling carrots Peel carrots with a real peeler   DIY
PO3. Cutting carrots Cut carrots or any harder food with a crinkled cut cutter   DIY
Sweeping & Washing floor
Crumbing a table
Sweeping floor & Washing floor & crumbing a table To teach cleanliness & care of environment Buy (bucket, broom, dustpan, mop, brush...etc)
Washing Dishes     DIY
Washing hands     DIY
Washing table     DIY
Silence Game     n/a
Putting on apron     DIY (apron)
Dressing & Undressing     DIY (clothes)
Opening & Closing Door     DIY (door)
Opening & Closing Drawers     DIY (drawers)
Carrying a Chair     DIY (chair)
Blowing Nose     DIY (tissues, mirror, wastebasket)
Mystery Bags     DIY (bag, objects)